Die gewünschte Seite kann nicht gefunden werden - das tut uns Leid. Wir arbeiten bereits an einer Lösung und hoffen, dass die Böse Null nicht auch Ihnen einen Strich durch die Rechnung macht. Unter Zinsen ist ein Entgelt zu verstehen, welches für einen bestimmten Sachgegenstand oder ein Darlehen über einen bestimmten Zeitraum zu entrichten ist.
Daher nennt man eine Anleihe auch eine Schuldverschreibung oder ein Forderungswertpapier. Anders als Aktien werden Anleihen nicht in einer anderen Währung gehandelt, sondern in Prozent. Der Anleger kauft also nicht eine Stückzahl einer Anleihe, sondern einen bestimmten Nominalbetrag. Anleihen, auch Renten genannt, sind verzinsliche Wertpapiere.
Käufer von Anleihen besitzen gegenüber dem Herausgeber somit eine Geldforderung. Daher werden Anleihen auch als Schuldverschreibungen oder Forderungswertpapiere bezeichnet. Der Nennwert stellt dabei den Preis dar, zu dem die Anleihe zurückgezahlt wird. Der sogenannte Kupon stellt den Zins dar, den die jeweilige Anleihe abwirft. Gehandelt werden Anleihen am sogenannten Rentenmarkt.
Es gibt zahlreiche Produkttypen von Anleihen. Bundesanleihen, auch Bunds genannt, sind von der Bundesrepublik Deutschland emittierte, börsengehandelte Schuldverschreibungen mit einer Laufzeit von 10 und 30 Jahren.
Sie haben eine zentrale Stellung am deutschen Kapitalmarkt sowie im ausländischen Kapitalverkehr. Bei Genussscheinen handelt es sich um nicht geregelte Wertpapiere, welche ein Genussrecht verbriefen. Währungsanleihen, auch Fremdwährungsanleihen genannt, sind festverzinsliche Anleihen, die nicht in Euro notieren. Alle Anleihetypen können in verschiedenen Währungen emittiert werden. Da die Wechselkurse stärkeren Schwankungen unterliegen können, sollte das Währungsrisiko bei diesen Anlagen unbedingt einkalkuliert werden.
Jumbo-Pfandbriefe sind Inhaberschuldverschreibungen von Finanzinstituten. Beispielsweise ist für einen CDS, welcher am 1. März abgeschlossen wurde, am März die Prämie für den Zeitraum Dezember des Vorjahres bis Die dem Sicherungsgeber nicht zustehende Prämie für den nicht besicherten Zeitraum wird ebenfalls über die Upfrontzahlung ausgeglichen. Diese Modalität, die erste Prämie zu zahlen, wird als Full Coupon bezeichnet.
Dabei ist zu beachten, dass in einem standardisierten CDS oft nur ein Teil dieser Kreditereignisse besichert wird. Ein unabhängiges Gremium entscheidet darüber, ob ein konkretes Ereignis im Umfeld des Referenzschuldners die Definition eines Kreditereignisses im Sinne eines CDS erfüllt und somit auch eine Ausgleichszahlung durch den Sicherungsgeber zu erfolgen hat.
Dem Antrag müssen öffentlich verfügbare Informationen über das zur Anerkennung beantragte Kreditereignis beigefügt werden. Diese Entscheidung betrifft somit auch alle anderen Marktteilnehmer, welche als Sicherungsgeber oder -nehmer auf diesen Referenzschuldner einen CDS gehandelt haben.
Wird diese Frist überschritten, kann keine Zahlung auf Grund des Eintretens eines Kreditereignisses mehr eingefordert werden. Die Lookback Period hat einen Nebeneffekt: Während der Laufzeit eines CDS kann es vorkommen, dass der Referenzschuldner fusioniert , übernommen wird oder aber sich aufsplittet. Dieses Ereignis wird successor event frei als Nachfolge-Ereignis übersetzt genannt. In einem solchen Fall ist oft zu klären, welche der aus dem alten Schuldner entstandenen Einheiten der neue Referenzschuldner des entsprechenden CDS ist.
Gegenüber den Kreditereignissen existiert bei den Nachfolgeereignissen eine verlängerte Lookback Period von 90 Tagen. Der Sicherungsgeber erbringt bei Eintritt des Kreditereignisses dem Sicherungsnehmer die vertraglich vereinbarte Leistung. Da die laufenden Prämienzahlung üblicherweise vierteljährlich im Nachhinein erfolgt und der CDS mit Eintritt des Kreditereignisses endet, hat der Sicherungsnehmer noch die anteilige Prämie für die aktuelle Periode zu zahlen. Dies wird üblicherweise mit der Forderung an den Sicherungsgeber verrechnet, sodass nur eine Zahlung aus der Differenz der beiden Forderungen erfolgt.
Diese grundsätzlichen Anwendungsformen können insbesondere auch zur Risikodiversifikation von Kreditportfolien verwendet werden. CDSs können verwendet werden, um das Kreditrisiko von Kreditengagements abzusichern. Diese stellt einen Ausgleich für Verlust dar, der durch die Abschreibung des Kreditengagements entsteht.
Dafür zahlt der Investor als Sicherungsnehmer die Prämien, die im Ergebnis seine Zinseinnahmen aus dem Kreditengagement mindern. Für eine möglichst gute Absicherung muss der CDS mit derselben Laufzeit und über dasselbe Nominal wie der abzusichernde Kredit abgeschlossen werden.
Die Restrisiken, die verbleiben, weil die Absicherung nicht perfekt ist, werden auch als Basisrisiken bezeichnet. Hat sein Kreditengagement z. CDS können auch verwendet werden, um auf Änderungen des gehandelten Spreads bzw. Man kann sagen, dass er die Absicherung günstig eingekauft und gewinnbringend weiterverkauft hat.
Entwickelt sich der Markt allerdings entgegen seinen Erwartungen, macht der Investor Verlust, weil der zweite CDS weniger einbringt als der erste kostet. Umgekehrt kann der Investor auch auf die Verbesserung der Bonität spekulieren.
Dazu tritt er zuerst als Sicherungsgeber in einen CDS ein. Verbessert sich die Bonität des Referenzschuldners tatsächlich, kann er die verkaufte Absicherung mit einem zweiten CDS günstiger zurückkaufen. Bei der Arbitrage verwendet man CDSs, um Preisungleichgewichte zwischen Kassamarkt und Derivatmarkt oder innerhalb des Derivatmarktes auszunutzen, indem man Positionen ohne oder praktisch ohne Marktpreisrisiko aufbaut, um so sichere Gewinne zu erzielen.
Durch die Arbitragemöglichkeit steigt die Nachfrage sowohl nach der Anleihe als auch nach Absicherung. Dadurch steigt nachfragebedingt der Anleihepreis — d. Dadurch verschwinden das Preisungleichgewicht und die Arbitragemöglichkeit. Ein CDS kann auch genutzt werden, um Klumpenrisiken abzubauen. Gleichzeitig finanziert der Investor die anfallenden Kosten durch den Abschluss eines weiteren CDS auf einen völlig anderen Referenzschulder, in dem der Investor Sicherungsgeber ist.
Diese ist zwar ähnlich risikoreich zu bewerten wie die Riskant AG, agiert aber in einer anderen Branche. Die Erträge durch die Übernahme des Kreditrisikos aus dem 2. Da sich die beiden Unternehmen auf unterschiedlichen Märkten bewegen, ist es unwahrscheinlich, dass beide Unternehmen gleichzeitig ein Kreditereignis ereilen wird.
Somit konnte das erwartete ausfallende Volumen deutlich reduziert werden, allerdings bei gleichzeitig erhöhter Wahrscheinlichkeit für das Eintreten eines Kreditereignisses. Surely that is not possible but I found myself communicating perfectly accurately with Shoshy the cat via her photograph, using language that was completely alien to my usual syntax.
It was a bizarre experience! My first was a Hunter horse named Nick who was having problems with repetitive lameness. I told the guardian not to tell me which leg was affected as asking a question that can be confirmed by them is evidence to you and them that you are indeed in interspecies communication.
Then after a moment, he drew my attention to his back left foot. I asked him did it hurt and suddenly I had a stabbing pain in my left foot on the underneath. I am happy to report Nick is now on glucosomine supplements and his problem is now relieved. The next communication was with a dressage horse called Zodie. Her guardian is a gentle, beautiful young woman who teaches children to ride and does dressage competitions for fun.
I like this person a lot and she is very fond of her animals. The evening before I had read from cover to cover, the book my teacher had written on animal communication. I went armed with some Maltesers, just in case I could bribe the horse into communicating with me.
Her guardian told me when she and Zodie praticed dressage the horse was infallible but whenever they were in competetive situations the horse had awful meltdowns. Off I went to communicate with Zodie who was in an enclosure with two other horses where she was able to roam free and the others were stabled.
I entered their enclosure and introduced myself telepathically to Zodie, asking if she would like to communicate with me. She took one look at me and promptly walked off and hid in a stable!
Zodie popped her head out the stable inquisitively, and decided to come over and investigate the rustle of the sweet wrapper. I asked Zodie if she hurt anywhere and she showed me in my body a sensation of tightness on her right side flank and down the leg.
I then asked her what was going wrong in her competions? I was immediately overwhelmed by the sensation of fear and nervousness, I was trembling all over and not able to catch my breath. I explained that Vicks just wanted to do the competitions for fun, it did not matter whether they won or not, they are just there to enjoy themselves. When I told Vicks she wept, as did I. Animals are our greatest teachers in every way, when I have found it impossible to communicate they patiently show me how.
I have predominantly had dogs and horses in my life. Dogs are my greatest love and proved the most difficult for me to access telepathically. But they always patiently teach me what I need to learn. For me at least, it works better most times if I communicate with dogs through images. For example, Terry the Terrier was my best animal friend when I learned this amazing skill, but I could not communicate in the ways I found so easy with cats, horses, even insects!
I was feeling very sorry for myself with my female cycle one day, and I knew that animals are able to heal us. So I was lying on my bed in agony with Terry looking at me curiously.
Then I closed my eyes and imagined or I- magiced Terry lying on my belly facing me, and imagined what that would look like from his perspective. He jumped up on the bed and lay down on my body facing me. Within minutes my pain had subsided and I had learned my biggest lesson so far. On another similar painful occasion I was cat-sitting and up in the middle of the night. I explained to one of the cats I was in pain and she promptly jumped on my lap and starting pawing at my belly arduously.
The pain was cured in a matter of minutes. I went to the 4, acre estate for an interview and met the Countess and her daughter and the five dogs. The dogs were really hectic with very few manners but all completely adorable. I was asked to sit down at the kitchen table and have coffee with my prospective new boss. I suddenly was drawn to looking behind me and saw the tiny Jack Russell Terrier who was sat staring at me next to the warm aga oven. Her eyes grew wide and her jaw slackened with shock.
On many occasions I would walk another three dogs with the pack, just me and eight dogs spending whole days outside connecting with each other, and all in connection with the Planetary Animal Mother, Gaia Sophia. I have even communicated with plants. I stood before a large group of nettles and asked them which nettle top I could take to cure my rash.
After a brief wait, and with no breeze whatsoever, one of the plants bowed down where the others stayed perfectly still. I make hedgerow medicines and if I cannot find the plant that I need I will ask to be taken to it.
When I collect the plants and harvest them I talk to them in gratitude and explain to them who the medicine is for and what ailments they will be addressing. It is a wonderful feeling to heal somebody, and even more sublime to be in such deep connection with nature.
Often one finds that some animals are more open to telepathy with human animals than others. No wonder when animals are so used to us thinking they are just dumb beasts, often treating them badly either through ignorance or patent cruelty.
One such animal was a beautiful bay horse named Campbell. He was unfortunate enough to have a groom who was very ignorant and cruel, be his guardian. Dear, sweet Campbell, was always fielded alone which is a dire way for herd animals to exist. He had no grass, no shade, no friends and I often found he had no water. I would go and see Campbell every day and his loneliness was palpable.
I would try my best to be nice and gently convince the groom he needed more in his life but was always met with a brick wall of obtuse indifference.
The weather became unusually hot for English summertime that year and Campbell consistently had no water.
One afternoon I found him in a different paddock next to two mares who were both in season, again with no shade and no water. I entered the paddock, and with nostrils flaring and making a strange and unfamiliar equine noise, he rushed towards me and literally buried his face in my torso for solace, remaining there for the next 10 minutes.
I was covered in his blood from his bites. I printed some information about colic prevention from the Blue Cross website and handed it to her. For one week Campbell had water every day and was wearing a fly protection rug and mask. The following week however, back in his lonely field on a day when the temperatures were soaring, I found Campbell once again without any water.
I was very tired having worked all day and his field was half a mile away from my cottage. I will never forget his response — he put his head in one empty bucket and looked at me, then he did the same with the other bucket and looked at me.
Actions do indeed speak louder than words. I ferried 15 litres of water over to his field in a wheelbarrow of which he drank 5 litres straight away. I hope Campbell and all the others have gone on to a better home or at least ended up with more competant caretakers. This is the only downside to communicating with animals. A horse who was scared of going to an Elite English School where spolied children can keep their horses at school.
A cat that was peeing in the house… I attended another two day workshop with the same teacher, day two was focussing on Gestalt Therapy and Remote Viewing which is basically learning to communicate and heal from long distance.
Day two was Remote Viewing, so to learn we were partnered up with someone new to us that weekend and told to swap our pet photographs. The object of the exercise was, with permission of the other person, to access their house by communicating with their pet through the photograph. Not quite believing I or anyone could do such a thing, I nevertheless introduced myself to Basil and asked him to show me around his house.
We were encouraged to draw any images we saw or write down any words we received. Suddenly I can see a kitchen, with a catflap in a pvc back door. Then I find myself travelling through the catflap into the garden where I can see a beige coloured paving slab path separating two lawns, and a wooden shed to the left with a tall wooden fence surrounding the modest garden.
Then we go back through the catflap and into the kitchen where he shows me not only the food he eats but the two different brands of food he gets fed, and his silver bowl. His favourite place to sleep in the kitchen is a beige chair, and then he takes me upstairs to the windowsill where he likes to sit and watch the world go by.
Before I left the house he told me something about his guardians with a request attached. I find myself showing a complete stranger the sketch I had drawn of her own house and garden. She told me Basil had been rescued with another cat and they were both house cats until the other cat had died. Since that day, Basil had been wandering out into the garden but never further than the fence.
She confirmed his food, the brands, his favourite place to sleep and his spot on the windowsill. We were both utterly flabbergasted. I will add here, the animal communicators all explain that the reason we are able to use photographs to communicate is a Quantam Physics factor. I believe Quantam Physics is yet another scientific fraud we have been force fed, so I have no idea how communication through that medium works, just that it does.
On the same workshop I was partnered with a woman who gave me a photograph of her dead dog. I was able to ask and answer her four confirmation questions accurately, and then put her mind at rest that she had done the right thing in putting her beloved pet to sleep at the time that she did. They also say delightful things like our departed loved ones come with us on walks and watch over us.
Now I am aware of that idea I can feel their presence. I was asked to communicate with a new horse at a livery stable, she had got into the habit of throwing the boss off every time he rode her. And I want a purple rug. She also told me her saddle was very uncomfortable. When I left her stable one of the grooms who I had not met before, came over and asked me if I had been able to communicate.
She then started to tell me where she thought the horse was in pain and my sketch matched exactly with her assertions. I told Tom my findings and he was really unhappy with her name choice, but admitted the saddle they used was not one that had been specifically made for her. And he would change her rug to a purple one. Buttercup has now had the physical therapy she needed to help her ailments and has a new saddle especially fitted for her back, and has managed to keep Tom off the floor.
Anyone can learn to communicate with animals. Just think why does your dog know you are thinking about taking them for a walk almost before you have even formulated the thought? But animal communication is right-hemisphere brain activity, understanding that the education system is a deliberate attempt to make you entirely left-hemisphered, will assist you enormously.
Attending one of the many workshops on offer will be the start of your intraspecies communication and a new way of looking at all life and nature, even the planet we live on. According to the ancient Pagan Mysteries, and the biography of the earth recovered from the Nag Hammadhi Codices by modern day Gnostic John Lamb Lash, Gaia Sophia is a living conscious being, our Planetary Animal Mother, who can communicate with you too.
Does your cat have you wrapped around her little fuzzy paws? New science unlocks the mysteries of human-animal bonding and how our animal companions manipulate us into loving them - for our good and theirs. People have a long history of living and bonding with domesticated animals. A recent genome study concluded that dogs may have been domesticated as far back as 34, years ago.
Today, our animal companions are as beloved as ever with the American pet population expanding from about 40 million cats and dogs in to more than million in Roughly two-thirds of US households now include at least one pet. Not only are pets on the rise, but the significance of our human-animal relationships seems to be deepening.
A growing number of young adults are trading in their human partners for the four-legged kind. Many report experiencing greater distress from the loss of a pet than from a breakup. In a recent poll, a surprising 38 percent of dog owners reported loving their pets more than their partners! Our animal companions obviously bring lightness and joy to our lives, but science now reveals they may be bringing much more. The Magical Healing Powers of Animals. In addition to offering companionship, animals benefit people in a number of different ways.
For example, animals have developed special defenses over the millennia to ensure survival in the wild, and some of these have benefits for humankind. Human wounds treated with NGF heal twice as quickly as untreated wounds. The purring of a cat can help mend broken bones and soft tissue injuries because they purr at 20 to 50 Hertz, a frequency range found to promote tissue healing.
And a protein from the venom of the Malayan pit viper is being used in Europe to treat strokes and blood clots. Science shows that pet owners are reaping an amazing number of health benefits, including the following: For children, family pets offer unique benefits, both physically and emotionally.
Dogs can forestall the development of allergies in children raised with them. The emotional benefits are even more profound. Caring for a pet teaches children compassion, self-esteem, and responsibility for the care of another, as well as improving cognitive skills, mitigating stress, and numerous other benefits.
Children with autism are sometimes better able to interact with animals, and this may actually improve their ability to interact with people. Science shows cats are especially helpful to autistic children, increasing their social interactivity and improving communication skills, tactile and eye contact, smiling and laughter. Oxytocin Creates Friends with Benefits.
Why do cats and dogs hold this almost-magical power over humans? Recent discoveries are beginning to provide an answer: A recent groundbreaking study was the first to identify a hormonal bonding effect between humans and other species, which may help to explain how dogs became domesticated thousands of years ago.
According to the study, when your dog looks into your eyes, he activates the same hormonal response as an infant. Produced by the hypothalamus, oxytocin is the hormone responsible for mother-infant bonding, flooding each with feelings of happiness, trust and well being.
In addition to its role in bonding and relationships, oxytocin confers physical health benefits as well, including reduced pain and inflammation, which could explain some of the health benefits of pet ownership outlined above. But oxytocin may explain only part of our connection with dogs. A prior study found dogs to be sensitive to human social cues, such as the intention to interact with them when making eye contact.
According to Medical Daily:. Dogs are not the only species casting oxytocin spells on humans - cats are taking full advantage as well. A recent study found that cats attach to humans as social partners, not just for the sake of obtaining food. This research is the first to show in detail that cat-human relationships are essentially identical to human-human ones, at least biochemically, with cats frequently stepping into roles of surrogate children in nurturing homes. This of course will not be new information to cat lovers.
Petting a cat is found to produce an immediate oxytocin release in both cat and human - but if that human is a woman, the effects may be far more pronounced. This study and others confirm that, while cats have plenty of male admirers, women initiate contact with their kitties much more often than men, and vice versa.
Female owners also have more intense relationships with their cats, and cats especially adore - and manipulate - their ladies. Cats are cashing in on human maternal instinct! Regardless of whether or not we humans are being manipulated by our animal friends, the benefits of sharing our homes with them cannot be denied.
Science has proven that if you want to live a longer, healthier, happier life - and raise your children in an environment that cultivates compassion and responsibility - then adopting a pet may be just the prescription. The result of the June 23 referendum will have far-reaching consequences for politics, the economy, defense, migration and diplomacy in Britain and elsewhere. Bloomberg tracker indicates 3.
The recent murder of Jo Cox is an indication that the anti-Brexit camp are so desperate, they believe they could easily use it to reverse the sentiment of the people, or at the very least, they could use the murder to mask the rigging of the votes on June 30, just like they employed fear mongering during the last Scotland referendum.
Scotland Referendum Fraud Exposed. The bigger picture, however, will always be that the Sheeples are subjected to constant flow of distraction to preoccupy them with issues that that have nothing to do with real freedom. There must be a more decisive action from those who see things as they truly are. We believe that this is just a conservative figure. We can avoid using drugs, defeat any viral attack and scaremongering, like the Zika virus, easily by knowing how to build our own comprehensive antiviral system.
Find more about it here. Mr van Wyk makes a good point. Don't hold your breath for a boycott. Google and Facebook command a huge share of New Zealander's online attention. Spark would be cutting off its nose to spite its face. Australia and the UK have introduced so-called "Google tax" measures against such behaviour. The Spark boss says doing the same here would level the playing field. The abandonment of our nuclear free status immediately places our sovereign nation at risk in the incidence of a nuclear war and believe me when I say this is the madness that is driving Washington policy right now.
Wake up readers to the fact that right now the U. These insane people are agents of the U. That is why any move to embrace more U. The Yekuana Indians were unlike any people Liedloff had ever encountered.
They seemed universally happy and fulfilled. Their children, especially, were remarkably calm and independent. In the entire time she stayed with them, she witnessed no sibling rivalry, no whining, and almost no crying, fussing or tantrums among their infants and small children. She was amazed to see older children and teens confidently performing difficult tasks and making mature decisions, without the defiance or recalcitrance so common in Western adolescents.
In her own words:. Liedloff observed that in this culture, as in many other indigenous societies around the globe, children were treated very differently than in Western cultures. She began to develop a theory of human social development based on her observations.
According to her, every human being is born with an inborn expectation to undergo certain natural social experiences. These begin with being held immediately after birth, and an extended in-arms phase in early infancy. Several, like babywearing, extended nursing, and co-sleeping are, if not wholly embraced by Western society, at least becoming better known and more accepted.
However, most Western parents who follow these practices agree that their families are still far from experiencing the ideal of human contentedness that Liedloff describes in her book.
In other words, once the honeymoon of infancy is over, what then? If the child errs, he should be gently instructed to change his behavior, but he should never be judged negatively as a person because of his mistakes. The second Continuum concept to keep in mind is that the child should not be the center of attention.
Neither, however, should he be excluded from adult society. In Yekuana society, Liedloff observed that adults were available to the child as needed, but focused primarily on their own activities, not on their role as parents. This approach lets the child learn by direct observation and to begin participating in adult activities as he is ready, without the pressure of being in the spotlight.
Any grown-up lady that pleads with a 4-year-old is not to be relied on. What would you like to eat? Can you find the spoons? Keep in mind, though, that taking the lead is not the same thing as taking control over your child. The parents Liedloff observed never forced a child to do chores. They simply modeled the behavior, and made sure the tools - like a child-size grater - were available to the child.
When a child showed an interest, she was allowed to participate as long as she wanted to. It was simply expected that she would naturally want to learn how to do the tasks she observed the adults doing. By the time they are old enough to be truly helpful, Liedloff noted that continuum-raised children will simply and quietly obey requests for help from adults, reciprocating the respect they had been shown when they were little. This leads us to the third principle: It is easy for Stone Age parents to be available to their children without making them the center of attention.
After all, they live where they work, and their children spend most of their time freely playing with other children, both younger and older than they are. In fact, every person in their culture is able to model older individuals, and mentor younger individuals in turn. This allows for smooth passage from one stage of life to the next, and reduces or eliminates friction between generations.
In a society which divides its tribes into isolated nuclear families, where adults must often work outside the home, where children are not typically welcomed into the workplace, and where, from preschool to nursing home, our age segregation practices border on the extreme, is it even possible to offer our children - and ourselves - the experiences we apparently need to become truly fulfilled human beings?
Perhaps not to the extent that the Yekuana could. But just as many Western parents have resurrected the practices of babywearing and co-sleeping, why not reclaim the tribal experience as well?
Whether through conscious decisions or instinct, many parents are attempting to do just that - resurrect something of the primal, tribal human experience. In their own ways, they are seeking opportunities to connect with other families in ways that are more natural, organically developing and holistic. For some families, tribe-building is as simple as staying in place or moving back to live close to extended family. A recent PEW study revealed that 43 percent of young people ages 18—31 are now living with their parents or other kin.
This includes a growing number of families with young children, according to Carmen Wong-Ulrich of Baby Center Financial. Granted, this is happening primarily as a result of economic pressure, rather than the desire for a more natural social structure. However, many of these families are discovering benefits to this arrangement beyond financial relief.
Other parents report increased feelings of security, carpooling and other shared duties made easier, built-in babysitters, and family bonding as benefits of living with or near family members.
But for the majority of us, living near family is just not an option. Creating Your Own Tribe. It the article, Pitman describes her relationship with her friend Vicki. Starting when their first babies were infants, the two would get together and help each other with household chores or prepare meals for both families to enjoy, while their kids had the benefit of unstructured play time with adults who remained in close proximity, but engaged in their own adult activities.
Pitman points out that tribe-building involves much more than just scheduling regular playdates. Clean house, work on your car, do projects together, garden, prepare meals, or start a business together.
She also cautions not to be too picky about whom you form your tribe with. Just like family, the people you find available may have some qualities that differ from your ideals. However, once the children reach school age, time spent together in this way often diminishes. Homeschooling families have a unique advantage in this regard. In situations where homeschooling occurs between and around running a home-based business, children also get to observe and learn firsthand how the adult world operates in a way that was once a normal part of growing up, but is now no longer available to the vast majority of modern children.
That said, many homeschoolers still find their lives increasingly dominated by schedules and goals, especially as children grow older. If a tribal experience is truly your ideal, you might find yourself drawn to at least partial unschooling. If you are brave and resourceful, you might consider organizing your own school or other institution. This is what Natalie Cronin did. She started her home daycare, Under the Tinker Tree, out of a desire to provide her own children with an experience more closely resembling her ideals than would otherwise be possible.
Luckily, her vision resonated with others in her community. Finding a local Rudolf Steiner school might be a good alternative. Keep in mind that it is extremely difficult to change already existing conventions. Noelle adds that there are things you can do to protect your child from the less Continuum-friendly aspects of school life.
You may find yourself in the position of wanting to introduce elements of modern tribalism into an existing organization. This is challenging, but not impossible. Then, frame your suggestions in a way that helps them meet existing wants and needs. To some, the ultimate in modern tribe building may well be to start an intentional community based on Continuum and other natural living concepts. However, a quick search reveals very few existing intentional communities that openly base their values on Continuum ideals.
Heart-Culture Farm near Eugene, Oregon, is one. Surely, there are enough families interested in following an attachment parenting lifestyle to warrant a larger number of communities specifically designed to support it? Yet most intentional communities are very specific as to what is and is not acceptable behavior. Noelle recounts a personal intentional community experience which may shed some light on this question:. It led to a fairly sizable group of people from all over the world getting together for an organizational meeting.
We accidentally experienced tribe for about two days. We had this gathering in my hometown, Portland, Oregon. People had different travel schedules, and a number of people got there a few days before the big meeting. They camped out in our yard and we kind of had this village we created in our yard, and we were all just waiting and very optimistic. So we actually had this tribal experience, and I can only say it was glorious.
It was just wonderful, the feeling of this expanded social circle where everyone is just sort of flowing together. The children had all these choices [of playmates]. And we were living that way for a couple of days while we were waiting for this meeting. Then the meeting happened and everyone brought their agendas with them, and their particular attachments that things had to be a certain way, and we started to lose some of that being in the moment with each other.
Now it had to be right vs wrong…. We might have weathered that, but I think ultimately a lot of us were recovering our humanity. But then you have a whole bunch of wounded people who are trying to lift each other up. And I could see that in this particular project, including myself and my wife—we definitely lacked the skill set to do that.
Noelle suspects that being well funded could help such a project overcome this issue by allowing participants the security to work out their differences. Given this experience and others, it seems that this elusive tribal experience is not something to be sought as a goal, but something experienced naturally when people come together without goals or expectations, simply in the enjoyment of being together. What about the Internet? Many people these days are spending increasing amounts of time and energy on the Internet in hopes of connecting to like-minded souls.
The Continuum concept is about more than the sequence of human development. Children, especially, need to experience the world holistically through their senses - the real world with all their senses, not just a pared-down, wired-up virtual semblance with no taste or touch or smell.
And believe it or not, we adults need this too. Seeking Your Own Tribe. Cronin, Noelle and Pitman all offer excellent suggestions for developing the kind of comfort with ourselves and others that appears to be a prerequisite for a Continuum lifestyle.
Reconnect with the natural world - even if you live in a city, just going for a walk and passing a tree is connecting and centering. Spend a lot of time together. Choose options that lead to partnership rather than separation and control. Be open to relationships with people who are in different stages of parenthood or life, or whose habits or beliefs differ from yours.
Above all, be open about the outcome. Allow your tribe to grow organically, from the inside out. Forget about your goals and focus instead on just the experience of being, right here and right now, with those you happen to be with at the moment. The destination is the journey itself. But what are we missing when we are behind screens? And how will this impact our children, our society, and eventually, our planet? Is our connection to nature disappearing down the digital rabbit hole?
Where We are Coming From. Seventy years ago, the first televisions became commercially available. The first desktop computers went on sale 30 years ago, and the first cell phones a mere 15 years ago. During their relatively short tenure these three technologies have changed the way we live. Some of these changes are good. Television can now rapidly disseminate vital information. Computers turned that flow of information into a two-way street.
Cell phones enable unprecedented connectivity with our fellow human beings. And the merging of cell phones and the internet has even allowed protest movements around the world to organize and thrive. For many people, especially children, screens have become the de facto medium by which the greater world is experienced.
A virtual world of digitally transmitted pictures, voices, and scenarios has become more real to this generation than the world of sun, water, air, and living organisms, including fellow humans. The average American child now spends over eight hours in front of a screen each day. She emails, texts, and updates her status incessantly. He can name hundreds of corporate logos, but less than ten native plants. She aspires to have hundreds of online friends, most she may never meet in person.
He masters complicated situations presented in game after game, but often avoids simple person-to-person conversation. They are almost entirely out of contact with the world that, over millions of years of evolution, shaped human beings - the natural world. By most accounts, this generation will face multiple crises - environmental, economic and social. As we stand at a turning point in our relationship with earth, we find ourselves immersed in the gray area between the natural and virtual worlds.
Also on the panels were Cory Doctorow, an author, journalist, and Special Advisor at the Electronic Frontier Foundation, along with Brewster Kahle, who is the founder and Digital Librarian of the Internet Archive, which is the largest digital library in the world.
According to the Decentralised Web Summit website , the current state of the web is not private or censorship-free. The Project, which is still in the early days envisions a truly open web, compared to the current one, which is subject to government control.
As the NYT article points out the world wide web is one of the means for accessing the internet.
It seems apparent that these men were killed to ensure their silence, thus allowing those responsible for the interest rigging scandal within Deutsche to avoid responsibility.
Basically, malignant tumors represent masses of rapidly growing cells. Ziel ist die Vereinheitlichung des Europäischen Binnenmarkts für Investmentfonds.