Top-Down Processing. Top-down processing is defined as the development of pattern recognition through the use of contextual information. For instance, you are presented with a paragraph written with difficult handwriting. Top-down and bottom-up approaches are used in many areas of business, finance, and economics. The former goes from the general to the specific, and the latter from the specific to the general.
Bottom-up processing is the processing strategy in which the body responds first, followed by emotion and finally, thought. This is the opposite progression of responses found in top-down processing. As you become aware of the bottom-up processing that happens in you, you can start to be curious about the signals your body gives you and learn how to trust your gut. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.
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Praxis Social Studies - Content Knowledge Effective Communication in the Workplace: Praxis Early Childhood Education Test In this lesson, you'll learn what bottom-up processing is and review some examples of this decision-making strategy. Bottom-Up Processing Defined People are generally encouraged to think before acting; however, you may have found that sometimes you make good decisions without thinking about them first. Processing Types Compared Processing is just a shorter way to say taking in information, analyzing it, and drawing conclusions or taking action.
Try it risk-free No obligation, cancel anytime. Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Occurrence of Bottom-Up Processing As you can imagine, bottom-up processing can happen very quickly and with many processes all going on at once. Lesson Summary Bottom-up processing is the processing strategy in which the body responds first, followed by emotion and finally, thought.
Learning Outcomes After reviewing this lesson, you should have the ability to: Define processing Differentiate between bottom-up and top-down processing Explain how bottom-up processing occurs and why it is important. Unlock Your Education See for yourself why 30 million people use Study. Become a Member Already a member? Earning College Credit Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page Transferring credit to the school of your choice Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Browse Articles By Category Browse an area of study or degree level. You are viewing lesson Lesson 15 in chapter 1 of the course:. Study Aid 1 chapters 19 lessons. Introduction to Social Science. Browse by Lessons Cape in Geography: It is easier to understand what the writer wants to convey if you read the whole paragraph rather than reading the words in separate terms.
The brain may be able to perceive and understand the gist of the paragraph due to the context supplied by the surrounding words. In , psychologist Richard Gregory stated that perception is a constructive process that depends on top-down processing. He explained that past experience and prior knowledge related to a stimulus help us make inferences. For Gregory, perception is all about making the best guess or a hypothesis about what we see.
This event leads to the creation of a perceptual hypothesis about the stimulus, based on his memory and past experience that may be related to it.
When it comes to visual illusions, such as the Necker tube, Gregory believed that the brain may create incorrect hypotheses, leading to several errors of perception. In the bottom-up processing approach, perception starts at the sensory input, the stimulus. Thus, perception can be described as data-driven. For example, there is a flower at the center of a person's field. The sight of the flower and all the information about the stimulus are carried from the retina to the visual cortex in the brain.
The signal travels in one direction. J Gibson criticized the explanation of Gregory regarding visual illusions as they are merely artificial examples, not images that can be found in a person's normal visual environment.
Being a strong support of the bottom up processing approach, Gibson argued that perception is not subject to hypotheses; rather, perception is a direct, "What you see is what you get" phenomenon. He explained that our environment can sufficiently supply details related to the stimulus e. Motion parallax supports this argument. When we travel on a fast moving train, we perceive that objects closer to us pass by faster, while farther objects pass us slowly.
Thus, we are able to perceive the distance between us and the object that pass us by based on the speed at which they pass. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:.
It should not be summed up with the orange entries The translation is wrong or of bad quality.
I should take that from her. The signal travels in one direction.