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 · 0-dark-hundred, 0'dark-hundred (pronounced "oh dark hundred", because the "zero" in time expressions was verbally pronounced "oh" in the US Navy and US Army as late as the s: A slang term for any time between midnight and daylight. Acronym Meaning: AAF: Army Airfield: AAFES: Army And Air Force Exchange Service: AAM: Army Achievement Medal; Air-to-Air Missile (see ATAM); Automated Acquisition Module.

The emphasis of this educational reference is on words and phrases that appear in published works about war and military service; and amongst this jargon and slang, there is no pretense of objectivity or completeness, which may be readily found in official documents or government resources.

Drill Track A track connecting with the ladder track, over which engines and cars move back and forth in switching. Drilling Car The handling or switching of cars in freight yards. Drop Switching movement in which cars are cut off from an engine and allowed to roll free into a track. Drop Bottom Car A gondola car with a level floor equipped with a number of drop doors for discharging the load.

Drop Brake Shaft A brake shaft for flat cars which normally extends above the floor, but can be dropped down should conditions of the lading require. Drop End Gondola Car A gondola car with end doors which can be dropped down when the car is used for shipping long material which extends over more than one car.

Dual Control Switch A power operated switch or derail that can also be operated by hand. Dump Car A car from which the load is discharged either through doors or by tipping the car body. Dunnage The material used to protect or support freight in or on cars, such as bracings, false floor, meat racks, etc.

Dwarf Signal A low interlocking or block signal. Dynamic Braking A means of braking a locomotive or car having electric motors by using the motors as generators and dissipating this power through resistors.

It may be used to control train speed and to brake a train to a low speed after which air brakes bring it to a full stop. Easy Sign A hand signal indicating the train is to move slowly. Electrically Locked Switch A hand operated switch equipped with an electrically controlled device which restricts the movement of the switch. Electric Locomotive A locomotive which receives electric power from an overhead contact wire or third rail and uses the power to drive electric motors connected by gears to the driving axles.

Electric Switch Lock An electrically controlled lock that restricts the use of a hand operated switch or derail. Emergency Application A quick heavy reduction of brake pipe pressure made when a train must be stopped in the minimum distance possible.

An emergency application may also occur when a brake pipe is broken, or when air hoses between cars are disconnected with angle cocks open. Emergency Brake Valve A valve for applying the train brakes in emergency. It is connected to the brake pipe by a branch pipe and operated by releasing brake pipe air to the atmosphere. Emergency Rate Freight A rate established to meet some immediate and pressing need, and without due regard to the usual rate factors.

Emergency Reservoir A part of the AB air brake system to provide quick recharge, graduate release and high emergency cylinder pressure.

It supplements the supply from the auxiliary reservoir. Empty Car Bill Waybill used to move ordinary empty cars from one station to another. End Door A door in the end of a car. In some box cars this door is used for loading and unloading long material which cannot be handled through the side door.

Sometimes called lumber door. Engine A unit propelled by any form of energy or a combination of such units operated from a single control, used in train or yard service. Engineman The driver or operator of a locomotive. Engineer's Brake Valve Air Brake A brake valve in the locomotive used for operating the brakes of the train.

En Route On the way. Exceptions To Classification A publication containing classification ratings a percentage of first class and rules different usually lower from the classification ratings and rules shown in the uniform freight classification.

See Uniform Freight Classification. Exchange Bill Of Lading A bill of lading issued in exchange for another bill of lading. Expense Bill See Freight Bill. Expiration Notice A notice in a tariff that all or some part of it will expire at a stated time. Export To send goods to a foreign country.

Export Rate A rate published on traffic moving from an interior point to a port for trans-shipment to a foreign country.

Extra Board A list of employees who may be assigned to train crews 1 when extra trains are run, 2 when regular crews have not had sufficient rest time before they can legally be required to return to duty, or 3 when relief men are required on regular crews. Extra Gang The crew of track laborers assigned to maintenance work at various points on a railroad right-of-way. These employees may live in camp bunk cars where they are provided lodging and meals at a nominal cost.

Extra Train A train not included in a timetable schedule. Fabrication In Transit The stopping of steel products at a point located between the points of origin and destination for further process of manufacture. For example, steel beams to be fabricated as bridge girders. Facing Movement The movement of a train over the points of a switch which face in a direction opposite to that in which the train is moving. Feeding In Transit The stopping of shipments of live stock, etc.

Fifth Wheel The supporting plate and pivot at the forward end of a truck trailer. Fire knocker Fireman on steam locomotive. Fireman An individual employed to tend the fire for running a steam engine. Fish Plate See Angle Bar. Fixed Signal A signal of fixed location indication a condition affecting the movement of a train or engine. Brakeman sent out to protect the ends of a train making an unscheduled stop. A non-lighted signaling device. Flag Station A station at which trains only stop when signaled.

Flagman Usually, the brakeman assigned to duties at the rear end of the train. Flammable Commodity which can be easily ignited. Flange Car Wheel A projecting edge or rim on the circumference of the wheel to keep it on the rail. Flat Car An open car without sides, ends or top, used principally for hauling lumber, stone, heavy machinery, etc.

Flat Wheel A car wheel that has flat spots on the tread. The floating or transfer of railroad cars across water. Also the charge for such service. Float Bridge A bridge connecting car floats with rail landings. Floating Load A load in which the lading is prepared as a unit with space between unit and ends of car and end blocking omitted. The lengthwise movement of the lading over the floor of the car permits dissipating the impact of shocks.

Flying Switch or Drop Switching technique in which cars are cut off from behind a moving locomotive and the switch opened after the engine has passed. Foreign Car A car belonging to a railroad other than that on which it is being run. Foul To obstruct or interfere with the movement of railroad cars or engines. Free Time The time allowed by the carriers for the loading or unloading of freight after which demurrage or detention charges will accrue.

Freight Agent Railroad's representative with the public who prices services performed based on approved tariffs. Freight Bill Statement given customer of charges for transportation. Information is taken from waybill. Freight Charge The charge assessed for transporting freight. Freight Claim A demand upon a carrier for the payment of overcharge, loss or damage sustained by shipper or consignee. Freight Forwarder A person engaged in the business of shipping and distributing less than carload freight.

Freight House The station facility of a transportation line for receiving and delivering freight. A track structure used at the intersection of two running rails to provide support for wheels and passageways for their flanges, thus permitting wheels on either rail to cross to the other..

An implement for rerailing car wheels. Full Service Application An application of the brakes resulting from a reduction in brake pipe pressure at a service rate until maximum brake cylinder pressure is developed. Fusee Combustible torches which burn usually red for ten to fifteen minutes as warning signals to other trains when touched off and placed or thrown on the ground by train service employees. See Broad Gage and Narrow Gage.

Gandy Dancer A track laborer. Gate Switch Gateway A point at which freight moving from one territory to another is interchanged between railroads. Gauntlet A third set of rails placed in between two other sets of rails to carry wide loads through tunnels.

General Service Car Box, gondola, or flat car not designed for a specific commodity or shipper, without special equipment. Go High To climb on the top of freight cars for purposes of signaling or setting brakes.

Goat A yard switch engine. Gondola Car A freight car with sides and ends, but without a top covering. Gondola cars are sometimes distinguished as high side, low side, drop end, drop bottom and general service. Grab Iron Steel bar attached to cars and engines as a hand hold. Gradient Brake Pipe The difference in brake pipe pressure between the front and the rear of the train. It is the direct result of leakage or train line obstruction.

Grain Door A partition placed across the door of a box car to prevent loss of grain by leaking. Grease Monkey An employee who is responsible for greasing frogs, switches and interlocking track equipment. Also a car oiler. Griever A representative of the union who consults with railroad officials in connection with complaints made by employees. Gross Ton 2, pounds. Gross Ton-Mile The movement of a ton of transportation equipment and contents a distance of one mile.

The weight of an article together with the weight of its container and the material used for packing. As applied to a carload, the weight of a car together with the weight of its contents. Gumshoe A railroad detective. A torpedo placed on a rail which will act as a signal warning when it is detonated by a train crossing over it.

The injector of a locomotive. Hack See Caboose Ham A student telegrapher. Hand Brake The brake apparatus used to manually apply the brakes on a car or locomotive. Harmonic Rock A condition that may occur on jointed rail between 13 and 19 miles per hour in which the cars begin swaying sideways and may cause derailments. Head End Beginning or forward portion of any train. Head Man The brakeman who rides in the locomotive cab and is responsible for work done in connection with the forward section of the train..

Head Pin See Head Man. Header Beginning or identifying portion of any list or consist. Heat Kink See Sun Kink. Heater Switch A device for melting snow at switches by means of steam, an electric current, gas jets or oil.

Heater Car An insulated box car equipped with heating apparatus for the protection of perishables. Helper One or more engines added to a train to assist in moving the train over steep grades.

Hi-Cube Car Originally a box car of approximately 85 ft. The term has become frequently used to describe any box car of excess height. Signal given to proceed to at maximum authorized speed. Fixed signal consisting of two round balls, one red, the other white. A highball is when the white ball is raised to the top indicating the train may proceed. High Iron Main line or high speed track of a system of main line tracks.

A vehicle that can be driven on the highway or railroad. Also known as Hi-rail and Hy-rail. The outer or elevated rail of a curved track. High Side Gondola Car A gondola car with sides and ends over 36 inches high.

Hogger, Hog Head Locomotive engineer. Hog Law The federal stature which provides that all train and engine crews must be relieved of duty after 12 hours of continuous service. Hold Track A track on which cars are held awaiting disposition. Hole Side track on a single track line which permits another train to pass. Home A location where the car is on the tracks of its owner. Home Car A car on the tracks of its owner.

Home Junction A junction with the home road. Home Road The owning road of a railroad car. Home Route The return route of a foreign empty car to the owning road. Home Signal A fixed signal at the entrance to an interlocking block to govern trains or engines entering and using that block. Hook A crane used in wreck train service.

Also called Big Hook or Wrecker. Hopper An open top car with hinged trap doors and inclined floors which permits quick unloading of bulk commodities.

Horsepower A term used as a measure of power. One horsepower is equivalent to a force that will raise 33, pounds one foot in a minute. Hostler's Control A simplified throttle provided to move the B unit of a diesel locomotive not equipped with a regular engineer's control. Hot Box Overheated wheel journal or wheel bearing caused by excess friction between bearing and journal, lack of lubricant, or foreign matter which usually causes journal packing to burn and smoke.

Hot Box Detector A wayside infrared sensing instrument for determining journal temperatures. Hump Yard A switching yard on an incline where, after movements by the engine, the cars are shunted by gravitational pull to their destination in a yard. Idler Car An unloaded flat car used to protecting overhanging loads on an adjacent car.

Impact Register An appliance placed in a car with a shipment which is both a time clock and a measuring device to record the amount of shock the car received enroute. Import To receive goods from a foreign country. In Bond Shipment An import or export shipment which has not been cleared by Federal customs officials.

In The Clear When a train has passed over a switch and frog so far that another can pass it without damage, it is in the clear. In The Hole In a siding. Inbound Train A train arriving at a yard or terminal. Independent Brake Valve Air Brake A brake valve for operating the locomotive brakes independently of the train brakes. Indication The information conveyed by the aspect of a signal. Industrial Carrier A short railroad line owned or controlled by one or more of the principal industries served by it.

Also called Industrial Line or Industrial Road. Inflammable Liquids Liquids that give off vapors which become combustible at a certain temperature. Initial Carrier The railroad on which a shipment originates. Initial Point The location at which a shipment originates. Inland Carrier A transportation line which hauls export or import traffic between ports and inland points. Insulated Rail Joint A rail joint which arrests the flow of electric current form rail to rail as at the end of a track circuit, by means of nonconductors separating rail ends and other metal parts.

Inter Between Interchange The exchange of cars between railroads at specified junction points. Interchange Point The location where cars are transferred from on road to another. Interchange Track A track on which various cars are delivered or received from one railroad to another.

Interline Between one or more railroads. Interline Freight Freight moving from point of origin to destination over the lines of two or more railroads.

Interline Waybill A waybill covering the movement of freight over two or more railroads. Interlocking An arrangement of signals and switches 'interlocked' in such a way that their movements must succeed each other in a predetermined order so that a clear indication cannot be given simultaneously on conflicting routes.

They are found at a crossing of two railroads, a drawbridge, junction, or entering or leaving a terminal or yard.

Interlocking Limits The tracks between the extreme opposing home signals of an interlocking. Interlocking Signals The fixed signals of an interlocking that govern trains using the interlocking limits.

Intermediate Carrier A railroad over which a shipment moves but on which neither the point of origin nor destination is located. Intermediate Clause A clause or basis contained in a tariff to provide for rates to a point not named therein but which is intermediate to points that are named. Intermediate Point A location between two other points specifically names. Interstate Commerce Act An act of Congress regulating the practices, rates and rules of transportation lines engaged in the handling interstate traffic.

Interstate Traffic Traffic moving from a point in one State to a point in another State or between points in the same State, but passing within or through another State enroute.

Jack Locomotive Jam Buster Assistant yardmaster. Join The Birds To jump from a moving train when collision is imminent. The connection where two rails are joined together. To "ride to a joint" is to bring cars together so that they are coupled. A railroad rail, usually 39 feet in length. Joint Authority A method of authorizing men or machines to occupy or perform maintenance on a main track or siding within specified limits. Juggler Brakeman who must load and unload less than carload lots at way stations.

Keeley A small tank containing water which is hung on the side of a car and attached by a hose to the journal box when there is a hotbox. Taken from "Watt's teakettle. Kicker Triple valve in defective order which throws airbrakes into emergency when service application is intended. King Yardmaster or freight conductor. King Pin Another name for a conductor. Sometimes it is equipped for light housekeeping and used by the crew on the foreign end of their run.

Knee Brace A stiffening piece used to reinforce two members of a structure that meet at right angles. Knuckle The pivoting hook like casting that fits into the head of a coupler and rotates about a vertical pin to either the open position to engage a mating coupler or to the closed position when fully engaged.

Knuckle Pin Coupler The pin holding the knuckle in the jaws of the coupler. Sometimes called pivot pin. Knuckle Thrower A device which throws the knuckle of a car coupler open when the uncoupling lever is operated. Ladder The main track of a yard from which individual tracks lead off.

This track is also called a lead track. Lading Freight or cargo making up a shipment. Latch Switch Stand A device for catching and holding the lever of a switch stand in position. Also called a switch keeper. Lateral Motion The motion, crosswise of the track, of all car parts except the wheels and axles. This lateral motion, or end play, results from the flexibility which must be provided in truck structure in order to permit easy and safe negotiation of track curves Lawful Rate A rate published in conformity with the provisions of regulatory law and which does not violate any other provisions of such law.

See Less Than Carload Lot. Lead Track An extended track connecting either end of a yard with main track. Less Than Carload Lot The quantity of freight less than that required for the application of a carload rate.

Less Than Carload Rate A rate applicable to a less than carload shipment. Light Engine An engine moving without caboose or cars attached. Lighter A flat bottomed boat usually used in inland waterways. Lighterage Limits The limits of the area within which freight is handled by lighters or barges under certain lightering charges, rules and regulations. Lightering The hauling of freight on lighters or barges. Light Weight The weight of any empty freight car.

Limited Speed Not exceeding 45 or 60 miles per hour as designated by the operating railroad. Line Haul The movement of freight over the tracks of a railroad from one town or city to another town or city not a switching service.

Lining Bar Metal bar approximately five feet long with a wedge point on one end used in track work. Livestock Car A special freight car for handling or livestock. Load Limit The maximum load in pounds which the car is designed to carry. Local Rate A rate applying between stations located on the same railroad. Local Waybill A waybill covering the movement of freight over a single railroad. Locomotive See Engine Long and Short Clause The fourth section of the Interstate Commerce Act prohibits railroads from charging more for a shorter than a longer haul over the same route, except by special permission of the Interstate Commerce Commission.

Long Ton 2, pounds. Also called gross ton. Lookout Caboose See Cupola Lorry A small four-wheel push car used in railroad construction and maintenance work for moving rails, ties, etc. Low Rail The inner rail of a curve which is maintained at grade while the opposite or outer rail is elevated.

Low Side Gondola A gondola car with sides and ends 36 inches high or less. Main Iron Slang for main track. Main Line That part of a railroad exclusive of switch tracks, branches, yards and terminals. Main Reservoir Air Brake A tank on an engine for storing the main air supply.

So called in distinction from the auxiliary reservoirs under each car. Main Track A designated track upon which trains are operated by timetable, train order, or both, or the use of which is governed by block signals. Make A Joint To couple cars. Fast freight usually made up of merchandise, perishables or livestock.

A description of the contents of a shipment. Manual Block Signal System A block signal system wherein the use of each block is governed by block signals controlled manually.

Manual Interlocking An interlocking operated manually. Marked Capacity The carrying capacity of a car as marked or stenciled on the car. Marker Front and rear signals of a train flags or lamps. Reporting as not available for work. The act of filling out the employee's time slip with the time released from duty. Marking Up Reporting as available for duty. Maximum Rate The highest rate that may be charged.

Also called Beef Rail. Mechanical Refrigerator Car A car equipped with a diesel powered refrigerating unit under thermostatic control. Medium Speed Not exceeding either 30 or 40 miles per hour, as defined by the particular railroad being operated on.

Memorandum Bill Of Lading The duplicate copy of a bill of lading. Memo Waybill Memorandum waybill. A waybill used then the agent does not have sufficient information to determine the freight charges. It contains adequate information to enable yards to properly handle the car. Men Railroad employees, either male or female. Merchandise Car A car containing several less than carload shipments. Mileage Allowance An allowance based on distance made by railroads to owners of privately owned freight cars.

Mileage Rate Rates applicable according to distance. Milling In Transit The stopping of grain, lumber, etc. Minimum Charge The least charge for which a shipment will be handled. Minimum Rate The lowest rate that may be charged. Minimum Weight The least weight at which a shipment is handled at a carload rate.

Mixed Carload A carload of different articles in a single consignment. Mixed Carload Rate A rate applicable to a carload of different articles in a single consignment. Motor Car A motor-driven railway inspection or work car which rides on the rails and is operated by maintenance of way employees to minimize time spent traveling while on duty. MOW Maintenance of Way.

Mud Hop A yard clerk; a car checker who maintains a listing of freight cars on arriving and departing trains. Mud Hen A surveyor. Multiple Main Tracks Two or more main tracks that are used according to the timetable. Nested Packed one within another. Net Ton 2, pounds. Net Ton-Mile The movement of a ton of freight one mile. The weight of an article clear of packing and container. As applied to a carload, the weight of the entire contents of the car.

A worker who refuses to join the union, particularly train or enginemen. A worker who is thought of as not being productive while working. Non-Agency Station A station which does not have an agent. Also called a closed station. Normal Speed The maximum authorized speed shown in the timetable. Office Car Car used by railway officials while traveling. On The Ground On the ties, not on the rails, as a derailed train.

Opposing Signals Signals which govern movements in opposite directions on the same track. Orders Train orders transmitted to an operator from a dispatcher, delivered to the conductor for himself and crew. Package Car A car containing several less than carload shipments Package Freight Merchandise shipped in less than carload quantities.

Pallet A small portable platform for holding material for storage or transportation. Pantograph A device located on top of electric equipment which collects power from an overhead contact wire by means of a sliding contact shoe. Paper Rate A published rate under which no traffic moves. Participating Carrier Tariff A railroad which is a party, under concurrence, to a tariff issued by another railroad or by a tariff publishing agent.

Pawl Brake Wheel A pivoted bar adapted to fall into the notches or teeth of a wheel as it rotates in one direction, and to restrain it from backward motion. See Ratchet and Brake Ratchet.

Car Permanent Dunnage Car. A boxcar equipped with dunnage. Peddler Local way freight. Per Diem A charge made by one transportation line against another for the use of its cars. The charge is based on a fixed rate per day. Perishable Commodities easily spoiled or damaged because of weather or delay in transit.

Usually describing food stuffs. Piggy Back The transportation of truck trailer and containers on railroad flat cars. Pilot An employee assigned to a train when the engineman or driver of a track car is not qualified on the physical characteristics or rules of the railroad.

Pin Puller A trainman who uncouples cars while switching by lifting the coupler pin with the uncoupling leaver located on each end of a car. Piston Travel Air Brake The amount of piston movement when forced outward as the brakes are applied. It is so called from the fact that the knuckle, when opening, swings about the pin as a pivot. Placard Paper forms of various designs used to identify cars requiring special attention; e.

Plug Door A door on refrigerator or boxcars which is flush with side of car when closed. Also call sliding flush door. Point of Origin The station at which a shipment is received by the railroad from the shipper. Pool Car Specially equipped cars of different ownerships assigned to a specific company or location. Port Of Entry A port at which foreign goods are admitted into the receiving country.

Power Switch A remotely controlled switch. Prepaid A term denoting that transportation charges have been or are to be paid at the point of shipment. Prepay Pay before or in advance. Prepay Station A station to which the transportation charges on shipments must be prepaid - generally a non-agency station.

Private Car A car having other than railroad ownership. Private Siding A side track owned or leased by an individual or firm. A pro number is usually applied by the Agent on freight bills, waybills, etc. Proportional Rate A rate specifically published to be used only as a factor in making a combination through rate.

A rate published from New York to Chicago to apply only on traffic destined to points beyond Chicago would be a proportional rate. Public Service Commission A name usually given to a State body having control or, or regulating public utilities. Publishing Agent A person authorized by transportation lines to publish tariffs of rates, rules and regulations for their account.

Pull The Pin 1. Uncouple a car by pulling up the coupling pin. An expression meaning to resign or leave a job. Push Car A small maintenance of way car without a motor that is pulled by a motorcar or pushed by hand.

Team leader responsible for seeing that work gets done on schedule 2. A locomotive used to help trains up steep grades by pushing from behind. Put it on the ground Derail Radio Controlled Engine An unmanned engine situated within the train consist, separated by cars from the lead unit, but controlled from it by radio signals. Rail A length of track, usually 39 feet long. Rail Bond An electrical conductor for bridging joints between rails for the purpose of carrying electrical current as part of a track circuit.

Rail Joint A fastening designed to unite abutting ends of rails. Rail Stop See Car Stop. Rail Tong Clamp used to lift or move sections of railroad rail.

Depending on the design, it may be used either manually by two or more men or by a crane. Railway Labor Act A Federal Act providing for adjustment of disputes between railroads and employees. Ran a Red Block Enter a circuit without clearance from the control tower or dispatcher. Ratchet A serrated edge like that of a saw, sometimes straight and sometimes on a wheel, into which a pawl engages, for producing or more commonly restraining motion.

See Brake Ratchet and Pawl. Rate Scale A table of rates graduated according to distance or zones. Rear Of A Signal The side of the signal from which the indication is received. Receiving Track A track used for arriving trains. Reclaim See Per Diem Reclaim. Reconsignment A service extended by the railroad to the owner of the freight shipper, consignee permitting a change to the waybill in the name of the shipper, consignee, destination, route or other instructions to effect delivery of the car providing no back haul is involved.

Red Ball A fast freight train. Red Board A fixed signal to stop. Reduced Speed A speed that will permit stopping short of a train or obstruction. Reefer A refrigerator car, sometimes known as a freezer. Refining In Transit The stopping of shipments of sugar, oil, etc. Refrigerator Charge A fixed charge for refrigeration from shipping point to destination or for a portion of the trip. Refrigerator Car A car with insulated walls, floor and roof, for carrying commodities that need cooling in transit.

There are two major types: Register Station A station at which a train register is located. Regular Train A train authorized by a timetable schedule.

Release Cock See Release Valve Release Rod A small iron rod generally located at the side of a car for the purpose of operating the air brake release valve. Release Valve Air Brake A valve attached to the auxiliary reservoir for reducing the air pressure when the locomotive is detached so as to release the brakes. Repair Track A track used for car repairs. Rerailer A device that straddles a railroad rail to assist it putting derailed cars back on the track.

The derailed wheel is rolled onto the rerailer which guides the wheel back onto the track. Also called a Rerail Frog. Reservoir Air Brake A cylindrical container for the storage of air under pressure.

Main reservoirs of large capacity are located in locomotives and under all motor cars having air compressors; auxiliary and emergency reservoirs are located under the cars.

Restricted Speed A speed that will permit stopping with one-half the range of vision, looking out for train, obstruction, switch not properly lined or broken rail, but not exceeding either 15 or 20 miles per hour as defined by the operating railroad. Retaining Valve A small manually positioned valve located near the brake wheel for retaining part of the brake cylinder pressure, to aid in retarding the acceleration of a train in descending long grades. Retarder A metal grip adjacent to the rails, usually operated by compressed air or electric motors, for regulating speed of a car by pressure on the wheels while rolling down a hump incline.

Retarder Yard A switching yard in which the movement of cars, after they are released from a locomotive, are controlled by an employee in a control tower. Revenue Waybill A waybill showing the amount of charges due on a shipment. Reverse Lever The lever which controls the direction of motion of the locomotive by reversing the traction motor field connections.

Reverse Movement A movement opposite the authorized direction. Ribbon Rail See Welded Rail. Right-Of-Way The property owned by a railroad over which tracks have been laid. Rip Repair In Progress. Rip Track A Repair Track used for minor repairs of cars.

Road Bed The foundation on which the rails and ties of a railroad are placed. Road Haul See Line Haul. Roadway Worker Any employee of a railroad or of a contractor to a railroad, whose duties include and who is engaged in the inspection, construction, maintenance, or repair of railroad track, bridges, roadway, signal and communication systems, roadway facilities, or roadway machinery on or near the track or with the potential of fouling a track.

Roll By Making a check of cars as they pass. Roller Bearing The general term applied to a group of journal bearings which depend upon the action of a set of rollers, in order to reduce rotational friction.

The course or direction that a shipment moves. To designate the course or direction a shipment shall move. Rule Book Set of rules which govern the standard procedure by which employees are required to perform their assigned duties. Rule G Railroad work rule against the use of intoxicants or narcotics while on duty. Rump Rail A side slat on a single deck stock car made heavier than the usual slats. It is placed about four feet above the floor to resist movement of cattle against the car sides.

In such cases, it is said he has been given a "run-around. To move the engine s from one end of a train to the other. Running Gear A general term applied to and including the wheels, axles, springs, axle boxes, frames and other carrying parts of a truck or locomotive. A track designated in the timetable upon which movements may be made subject to prescribed signals and rules, or special instructions. A track reserved for movement through a yard. Sanders Devices operated by air for applying sand to the rail in front of or behind the driving wheels of the engine.

Scale House Structure erected to house weight recording mechanism used in weighing freight cars. Scale Test Car A compact car equipped with weights for testing of track scales. Scale Track A storage track for cars needing to be weighed.

Schedule That part of a timetable which prescribes class, direction, number, and movement for a regular train. Seals Metal strips, designed for one-time use, applied to the hasp of closed freight car doors. To remove, they must be broken.

They are used to indicate whether or not the contents have been tampered with while in transit. Secondary Track A designated track upon which trains or engines by be operated without timetable authority, train orders or block signals.

Section One of two or more trains running on the same schedule displaying signals or for which signals are displayed. Self Aligning Coupler A coupler which has a taper shank rather than a straight shank to prevent jackknifing of cars. The right of way in one direction on a single track line. The common meaning of length of service of an employee. Service Application A reduction of air pressure in the brake pipe at a rate that will produce an application of the locomotive and train brakes and a gradual speed reduction.

Set-Up A term denoting that an article is put together in its complete state, not knocked down. Small building erected along right of way to provide shelter. Shipper Person or firm from which shipment originates. Shipper's Export Declaration A form required by the Treasury Department and filled out by a shipper showing the value, weight, consignee, destination, etc.

Shipper's Load And Count A term denoting that the contents of a car were loaded and counted by the shipper and not checked or verified by the railroad. Shipping Order Shipping instructions to the railroad for forwarding all goods; usually the second copy of the bill of lading.

Shop Term applied to structure where building and repairing railroad equipment is performed, e. Short Of Destination Before reaching final destination. Short Ton 2, pounds. Side Bay Caboose A caboose car having side bay windows instead of a cupola This permits the train crew to look along the side of a train, especially when rounding curves, for detection of hot boxes or other trouble. Side Track A track adjacent to the main track for purposes other than for meeting and passing trains.

Siding An auxiliary track along the main line which is used to permit other trains to pass. Signal Aspect See Aspect. Signal Indication The action required by a signal aspect. Signboard Information stenciled on side of car pertaining to empty car movement instructions. Sill Car The main longitudinal members of a car underframe. Single Track A main track upon which trains are operated in both directions.

Skate A metal skid placed on rail to stop cars from rolling. Skew Bridge A bridge which crosses a passageway at other than a right angle. Slow Board A signal indication to proceed at slow speed. Slow Speed A speed not exceeding 15 or 20 miles per hour, as defined by the operating railroad..

Snake A railroad switchman. Snipe Track laborer section laborer. Solid Track Track full of cars. Spike See Track Spike. Splice Bar See Joint Bar. Spot To place a car in a designated position or specific location, usually for loading or unloading, such as at a warehouse door. Spot For Air To position cars in the yard so as to utilize a central compressed air supply to charge the brake system.

Spot System A system in which cars and locomotives undergoing repairs are classified and then moved progressively from one spot to another. At each spot different items of work are done by a unit force. Spotting Cars Switching freight cars to a specified location for loading and unloading. Spring Switch A switch equipped with a spring mechanism arranged to restore the switch points to normal position after having been trailed through.

Spur Track A stub track extending out from a main or other track. Standard Rate A rate established via direct routes from one point to another. Standard Route The line or lines which maintain standard rates.

Station A place designated in the timetable by name. Stock Car A car for the transportation of live stock, equipped with slatted sides, single or double deck, and sometimes with feed and water troughs. Stopping In Transit The holding of a shipment by the carrier on order of the owner after the transportation movement has started and before it is completed. Storage In Transit The stopping of freight at a point located between the point of origin and destination, to be stored and forwarded at a later date.

Storage Track A track on which cars are placed when not in service. String Two or more freight cars coupled together, as a string of cars. Stub Track A track connected at one end only. Subdivision A portion of the railroad designated by timetable. Sun Kink A condition in which high temperatures cause the rail to over expand and push the tracks sideways.

Such conditions could cause a derailment. Superior Train A train having precedence over another train. Superintendent A chief executive officer, who supervises and directs operations over an entire division. He is responsible for the supply and maintenance of rolling stock, equipment, the right of way, and for the prompt handling of traffic.

Swing A brakeman who has responsibility for breaking up the train by setting out cars or sections of cars in the center position of a freight train. A connection between two lines of track to permit cars or trains to pass from one track to the other track. To move cars from one place to another within a defined territory such as an industry, a yard, or a terminal. Switch Back Track constructed in a series of zigzag curves in mountainous terrain to reduce rate of climb or descent.

Switch Engine A locomotive used for switching cars in yards and terminals. Usually built to carry all its weight on the driving wheels.

Switch List A list of freight cars in track standing order showing cars by initial, number, type of car, and showing where cars are to be switched as required by local practice. Switch Lock A fastener, usually a spring padlock, used to secure the switch or derail stand in place. Switch Order A order to move a car from one place to another within switching limits. Switch Stand A device by which a switch is thrown, locked, and its position indicated. It consists essentially of a base, spindle, lever and connecting rod, and is usually furnished with a lamp or banner signal.

Switch Target A visual day signal fixed on the spindle of a switch stand, or the circular flaring collar fitted around the switch lamp lens, and painted a distinctive color to indicate the position of the switch. Train service employee responsible for aligning tracks for engine and car movements by throwing switches.

Building housing controls for remotely throwing switches. Switching To move cars from one place to another within a defined territory such as an industry, a yard, or a terminal. Switchman A yard brakeman. Tamper A power driven machine for compacting ballast under ties.

Tank Car A car used for carrying liquids, such as oil, molasses, vinegar, acid, etc. Tank Dome A vertical cylinder attached to the top of a tank car. It permits the tank proper to be filled to full cubical capacity, which would be impossible if there were no allowance for expansion in the dome.

Tap Line A short railroad usually owned or controlled by the industries it serves and "tapping" connecting with a trunk line. The weight of a container and the material used for packing. The weight of any empty freight car.

Tariff A published schedule showing rates, fares, charges, classification of freight, rules, and regulations applying to various kinds of transportation and incidental services.

Team Track A track on which cars are placed for the use of the public in loading or unloading freight. Terminal Facilities provided by a railroad at a terminus or at any intermediate point on its line for the handling of passengers or freight, and for the breaking up, making up, forwarding and servicing trains, and interchanging with other carriers. Terminal Carrier The railroad making delivery of a shipment at its destination.

Terminal Charge A charge made for services performed at terminals. Third Rail An electric conductor located alongside the running rail from which power is collected by means of a sliding contact shoe attached to the truck of electric equipment. Third Rail Shoe An insulated metallic sliding contact, mounted on the truck of an electric locomotive for collecting current from an insulated third rail located alongside the running rails.

Positive contact between shoe and rail is maintained by gravity, a spring or by pneumatic pressure. Through Rate A rate applicable from point of origin to destination. A through rate may be either a joint rate or a combination of two or more rates. Throw it in the hole Apply emergency brakes.

Tie 'Em Down Applying hand brake of car or cars to prevent them from rolling free. Tie On Couple on. Tie Plate A metal plate at least 6 inches wide and long enough to provide a safe bearing area on the tie, with a shoulder to restrain outward movement of the rail. Tie Up Stop for a meal or for rest. Timetable The authority for the movement of regular trains subject to the rules.

If contains classified schedules with special instructions relating to the movement of trains and engines. A unit used in comparing freight earnings or expenses. The amount earned from, or the cost of, hauling a ton of freight one mile. The movement of a ton of freight one mile. Tool Train Wreck train used for clearing up derailments. Tower Building of sufficient height erected along right of way to permit maximum viewing.

May house yardmaster, switch lever operator, block operator or dispatcher. A request to trace a shipment for the purpose of expediting its movement or establishing delivery.

A request for an answer to a communication. Track The space between the rails and space of not less than 4 feet outside of each rail. Track Bolt One inch diameter bolts used to fasten angle bars and rails together. Each bolt is five to six inches long and with the nut weighs about two pounds.

Track Car A self propelled car including Burro cranes, highway rail cars, detector cars, weed burners, motorcars, tie tampers and other similar equipment. Track Check An inventory of cars in track standing order. Track Circuit An electrical circuit which includes the rails and wheels of the train. Used for controlling signal devices Fixed signals as well as flashers and gates at crossings. Track Warrant Control TWC A method to authorize train movements or protect men or machines on a main track within a specified limits on a territory designated by the timetable.

Track Wrench Long handled wrench about three feet long used to manually tighten or loosen the bolts that fasten two rails together. Trackage Right Right obtained by one railroad to operate its trains over the tracks of another railroad.

Traffic Control System TCS A block signal system under which train movements are authorized by block signals, whose indications supersede the superiority of trains for both opposing and following movements on the same track.

Trailing Movement The movement of a train over the points of a switch which face in the direction in which the train is moving. Trailing Point Switch A switch, the points of which face away from approaching traffic. Train One or more engines couple, with or without cars, displaying a marker, and authorized to operate on a main track. Train Dispatcher An employee responsible for the movement of trains. Frederick the Great's mule attended many battles but learned nothing about war from them!

Just as significant campaigns are incorporated into the uniform [v: Guadalcanal on 1st Mar Div SSI] of the affected units, so inspired phrases become part of the insignia and history of affected units, creating a mark of distinction, officially known as a "special designation". Statements made during controversy or combat eg: Also, inset land or inlet water, as a cove or bight.

Also, to resist or repel, as "to hold at bay". M bayonet M-8 bayonet M-9 bayonet a knife-like weapon attached to the muzzle of a firearm for close combat; derived from 17th century plug-bayonet invented in Bayonne France to convert single-shot muskets into pikes.

The Chinese "fire lance", utilized as both a flamethrower and as a prototype shotgun, also included a fixed point for use as a pike. An old military maxim states: Having the bayonet fixed makes our men want to close.

Only the threat to close will defeat a determined enemy. Patton Jr 29 July ; "It is the cold glitter of the attacker's eye not the point of the questing bayonet that breaks the line.

Also, an outdated metonym that was formerly used to tally the strength of a given unit ie: Although three brigades typically comprise a division, separate brigades of medical, supply, maintenance, and transportation can operate autonomously under corps or theater command. The 11th, th, th, and th Infantry Brigades and the rd Airborne Brigade operated independently in Vietnam. A brigade usually contains about 3, soldiers, but can be as large as 5, members for the heavily armored units, and is usually subdivided by battalions that are typically sized between - soldiers.

Alger, attorney and capitalist, Michigan governor and U. In a Vietnam-era "Zgram" message, ADM Elmo Zumwalt endorsed the "tradition" of shipboard beards, as were worn, in marked contrast to shorter haircuts, by sailors and soldiers on various vessels. The 'beard', which is a symbol of strength and wisdom v: Yanking or even shearing a man's beard is an extreme affront and deadly insult Also, a supporting part of a structure; hence, by analogy to that contact area, a reference or relationship, as "that has no bearing on the problem".

Also, a device on a heraldic field [v: Also, to literally surround what is obscure or concealed. We're attacking in a different direction! We just got here!

He will invariably conquer who knows whether it is right to take the offensive or the defensive. Maturation takes about two months in temperate regions, reproducing three or four generations a year; control methods include steaming, spraying, and fumigating. The bedbug is also called chinch, crumb, or vantz Yiddish. Also, deranged, agitated, or irrational, as "crazy as a bedbug" or "crazy as a bessie bug" actually a pinch bug or horn beetle ; seemingly derived from BUG or bugge in the sense of defective or dysfunctional as in bughouse.

Also, slang for anyone preoccupied with going to bed so as to engage in sexual abandon. Gambrinus is the mythical Flemish king, depicted in folk art as straddling a keg, who is credited with the invention of beer; cf: Some retired characters include: Although the story line has been updated over the years, the soldiers still wear uniforms and use equipment of the s, and are posted on perpetual training or garrison duty A cartoon series, entitled "Beetle Bailey and Friends", appeared on television in , followed by an animated TV special in It's easy to propose a panacea, but who shall accomplish it?

Also expressed as "belling the cat" or a "mouse belling the cat", as when assuming extreme hazard or great risk in service or sacrifice. Also, a euphemism for a woman's crotch or groin, her buttocks or derriere, and her legs or gams; which segment is differentiated from her bosom or breasts, commonly known as "upper deck" or TOPSIDE.

The intent of this project was not to destabilize the NVN economy which was already quite artificial and extremely vulnerable , but to plant a sum of money, in a camp or on a corpse, large enough to create mistrust, engender suspicion, and demoralize the soldiers.

The allegation that this counterfeit currency, ostensibly created by patriotic forgers specifically released from prison pursuant to a mafia concordat with the federal government, was introduced to wreck the communist economy by devaluation is pure fantasy; since the triple digit inflation of NVN could not be checked by any external influence, and SRV's money has remained among the world's three least valuable currencies since the end of the Second Indochina War.

Also, nickname of the gull-winged, propeller-driven Vought F4U Corsair fighter airplane. Army to adopt the black beret as standard issue in the year ; retaining red berets cf: Operation Vittles was initiated from June to September in response to a land and water blockade of Berlin by the Soviet Union, this massive relief effort entailed the provision of vital necessities by air transport to West Berlin Although the blockade was lifted in May when the USSR determined that the Allies could not be forced to abandon the city, the supply of essential goods continued for several more months, ensuring against a recurrence.

Also, a hedgerow or foliated area, such as field separations; and sometimes known as "berm line". In early Norse society, a devotee berserker of Odin would fight with frenzied rage in battle; however, the ancient Greeks believed that such recklessness was not true heroism, which is disciplined and consequential. Phrase derives from a hymn by Reginald Heber: In , Percy Bysshe Shelley penned the line: In , Thomas Carlyle used a similar phrase: A corporation of the best, of the bravest" in his "Chartism".

Landon, who ran for president as a Republican that year; v: New Frontiers by Henry Wallace ] [nb: Under the supposition that nature abhors a vacuum, and given the deplorable state of human character, this phrase presumes that a confirmed scoundrel or identified spy is better than an unknown or undetected opponent. B-HUTs superseded TENTs in Iraq and Afghanistan but were not expected to last more than four years; housing eight persons in a single two-door space, or subdivided with windows in each room.

B-HUTs afford no protection against direct or indirect fire, and are especially subject to the devastations of weather as well as to infestation by vermin. Also, an athletic contest comprising any two consecutive events, whether organized as sprint, intermediate, or endurance. Pheidippides was the Athenian runner sent to request aid from Sparta before the battle at Marathon plain BC against the Persians; which inaugurated the long-distance footrace and other endurance events] [nb: Navy, that portion of an enlisted sailor's uniform that hangs from the back of the neck; originating as a scarf tied around the neck so as to protect the uniform from stains when sailors wore their hair long and kept it neat with ship's tar, and said scarf was eventually incorporated into the official uniform.

Also, the front flap ie: Also, the nickname of the classified database setup by the Clinton Administration to catalogue background information on ordinary Americans, with cross-references to military, financial, medical, and other databases.

Spending defense dollars on things instead of people is a false economy because, if any of the weapons ever need to be used, the budget must include both replacements and people to perform the mission that the remote weapons cannot accomplish. And, if the CADRE of experience has been purged by reductions in force RIF , then it is probable that neither weapons nor people will be able to solve the problem.

Soldiers more than any other men are taught severely and systematically that might is not right. The fact is obvious. The might is in the hundred men who obey. The right or what is held to be right is in the one man who commands them. Also, a body of water bounded by such a bend, as a bay or gulf. This preference for "ends" over "means" tends to devalue, if not disregard, individualistic motives and efforts, except those pertaining to the commanders, politicians, nabobs and other movers-and-shakers.

Listen to every zephyr for some reproof, for it is surely there, and he is unfortunate who does not hear it. Also, by analogy, a powerful or influential person The BIG STORY may be hypothetical, conjectural, speculative, or descriptive; and is differentiated from "big talk", which is merely exaggeration, and from "big stick", which is only threatened force.

It is an axiom of military operations that "the first report is always wrong". AMMO, food, water, medicine, etc and support weaponry eg: Also, toponym for the brief, close-fitting, two-piece woman's bathing suit, which was introduced as an "explosive" fashion to capitalize on the notoriety of the atomic test site.

Also, an enclosed area at the bottom of a vessel where seepage collects; usually called "bilges". Also, the seepage collected in this space; also called "bilge water".

Also, an official order directing the addressee to provide such lodging or accommodation. Aircraft prefixes under the Joint Service Designation System include: Also, slang for penis eg: Also, slang for an expression of disapproval, as by hissing or booing, scoffing or some other ridicule.

Also, slang for the misappropriation or attempted stealing of another person's male or female date. AvnSpeak, an Aerobatics and Aviation Lexicon ] [nb: Any landing the crew can walk away from is a "good" landing; and any landing that leaves the plane in a condition to be used again is a "great" landing! I wanted wings till I got the goddamned things.

Now I don't want them anymore. They taught me how to fly, and sent me here to die. I've had a bellyful of war. Oh, I wanted wings till I got the goddamned things. Now, I don't want them anymore. In the case of female servicemembers wearing these unstylish military spectacles, they are widely known as a "rape prevention device". Dunand's army bread] [cf: Edgemont brand or Pelican Cracker factory hard bread] [v: Also, informal reference to bisque, being earthenware pottery or vitreous china that has been fired once, and may be fired a second time with a glaze.

Built-In Test, being an operator actuated test of the readiness or functionality of an electronic system that's integrated into a device or weapon without activating it; it's a command initiated form of the Power On Self Test POST subroutine that automatically scrutinizes a digital device whenever its operating system is launched. This internal survey assures the user that the device or weapon will operate properly when so directed. It should be noted that a psychological study in the s determined that a feminine voice, with its maternal and sexual associations, was preferable whenever alerts or precautions needed to be announced; however, with the increase in announcements, the changes in American society, and the introduction of female aircrew, the negative aspects of the feminine voice, including its pitch and clarity, are now outweighing its original selection impetus.

American advisors have sometimes been shocked when witnessing such insulting slaps administered to foreign troops by their own officers and NCOs where such BASHING was still permitted eg: This expression represents the hierarchical status of domination ie: Also, a waterproof bag or "stuff-sack" intended for stowing a sleeping bag, but widely used for other utilitarian storage.

Also, figuratively harmful or lethal, as "Black Arts" used in special operations; see UW. Also, figuratively morbid; as grim satire or gallows humor. Also, figuratively inoperative, as a broken mechanism or an empty weapon.

Also, literally undetectible, as a negative chiaroscuro image during infrared IR scanning. Also, any individual member of the dark-skinned peoples of Africa, Oceania, Antilles, and Australia, especially an Afro-American; also known as "negro" [ety: He is thus a standing rebuke to them. Mencken Notebooks ; "The history of an oppressed people is hidden in the lies and the agreed-upon myths of its conquerors.

Look at me swagger. I know things that'll make you stagger! I'm ninety percent cloak and ten percent dagger. I'm a black bagger! Lockheed SR surveillance aircraft, designated "Strategic Reconnaissance", had a self-annealing titanium shell, and could fly faster than Mach 3 at over ,ft height The wearing of black-colored clothing and face masks is a technique used to enhance the group's presence, to imply unity and solidarity, to promote a revolutionary atmosphere, and to avoid personal identification by authorities.

Also, any unit that forms part of an electronic circuit that has its function but not its components specified, such as a safeguard. Also, slang for a type of phreaking box that allowed incoming calls to be received without incurring a charge by altering the line voltage so as not to signal an open circuit and establish a billing sequence; it worked by inserting a resistor or zener diode into the mechanical relay series with a bypass capacitor to prevent voice attenuation made obsolete by electronic switching systems used in telephone exchanges during the s to s; the applicable range of phreaking boxes was color coded for specificity, running the gamut from black, blue, green, red, magenta, orange, vermilion, gold, beige, silver, to clear, depending upon device utility, such as the dial-up modems for online bulletin board systems BBS of that era.

Also, any concealed or protected container, often small and lockable, intended for the safe and secure storage of sensitive or secret materials, the unauthorized opening of which may have disastrous or catastrophic consequences; a complex box of mysteries, not unlike Pandora's Box.

Some tunnel systems included truck and tank parks, ammo dumps and fuel storage, hospitals and operating rooms, kitchens and barracks, all of which had to be vented and shored, guarded and booby-trapped by malnourished and diseased troops.

Flag Terms ] [nb: The M was the standard American assault rifle used in Vietnam after , shooting 5. Originating as a plastic-housed version of the MA2, the Stoner AR evolved through hundreds of changes before becoming a reliable infantry rifle.

There is no such thing as an "ideal weapon", but only one best suited for the intended purpose from the compromised exchange of options; for example, the "inferior" Brown Bess musket was short, heavy, and effective only to 50yds, but could mount a bayonet and reload four times faster than the "superior" Pennsylvania rifle, which had an effective range of yds. Feels like a BB gun to me. Believe I'm gonna stick with my pistol. Also, the act of illicitly selling or trading rationed or prohibited goods, as to obtain from "under-the-counter" so as to avoid the payment of taxes; also known as "black economy" and "gray economy", being the unauthorized exchange or disposal of products.

Also, a metonym for a member of a fascist organization [eg: Italian Fascists ca ]. This hypothesis was initially proposed by Nassim Nicholas Taleb in his book The Black Swan, The Impact of the Highly Improbable , which expounds upon the exceptional influence of such anomalous deviations.

People tend to resist uncertainty and they attempt to act in a consistent manner, but life is always changing, sometimes catastrophically, so outliers and other oddities play a much larger role than regularly occurring events Kuhn; "No matter how many instances of white swans we have observed, that does not justify the inference that all swans are white. The law requires that oversight commissions be informed of all "Black Operations" after completion.

Also, work in the "underground economy" for which a person is paid in cash, with the transaction unrecorded or unreported, so as to avoid paying income tax on the amount earned.

Also, the thinner flat part of something, as on an oar or a shovel. Also, the arm of a propeller or other similar rotary mechanism. Also, slang for a dashing or jaunty young man, especially a swaggering swordsman fencer, soldier.

The BLANK ADAPTER, also known as a "blank firing adapter" BFA , functions by blocking the barrel of the firearm, permitting enough back-pressure to allow the bolt to recoil properly, ejecting the spent case and automatically loading the next cartridge, without manual assistance from the operator. Formally called "First Team", but formerly known as "Hell for Leather". The horse-mounted cavalry gave way during the twentieth century to armored personnel carriers and tanks.

In the division's flag was taken from Korea and presented to the experimental 11th Air Assault Division, which became the First Cavalry Division Airmobile. The division was deployed to South Vietnam in September and was the first full division to arrive in the country.

It was almost immediately in battle in the Ia Drang Valley. The division won a Presidential Unit Citation for its fierce fighting. During and elements of the division were engaged in numerous actions throughout the II Corps Tactical Zone. Initially committed to operations in Binh Dinh Province in early , the bulk of the division was hurriedly recommitted to the Battle for Hue and then to the relief of the marine position at Khe Sanh.

As the Army's first airmobile division, the First Cavalry Division pioneered air assault tactics It was considered one of the Army's elite units in Vietnam, highly valuable because of its extreme mobility. The division suffered over 30, casualties during the war. Kennedy, after BG William P. Kennedy, 11 April The motto of USSF is: Army, adopted in for uniformity and prestige. Colored filters were also added to later models because the flashing light looks very similar to automatic gunfire without TRACERs!

An infrared IR version is also available for instrument detection. Big Lump On-Board, an observer; any extra person or noncontributing passenger. Also, a section, segment, part, or group; compare BLOC. Also, an obstruction, obstacle, hindrance, or stoppage. Also, a stump, platform, or other structure used for speeches, auctions, or beheadings. Also, a person's head. Also, any generally rectilinear building material. Also, any person or thing that's overwhelmingly effective or impressively successful.

Also, a reinforced structure for housing and protecting personnel and their equipment during weapons testing or rocket launchings. Also, a metaphoric elimination or eradication; a widespread purge or dismissal. Also, a time of such clearances; a period when such disastrous losses have occurred.

Produced on leather and silk, nylon and Tyvek, many have been kept as wartime souvenirs, despite being serial numbered. Serum albumin is the principal protein of blood plasma fluid portion, not cellular compound ; and is distinguished from whole blood, packed red blood cells, and artificial blood.

The design attributions of "running blood" or "breaking suction" are mythical. Also, dealing with or concerned with life's fundamentals; the real needs or genuine concerns of challenging problems or authentic values During any PINNING ceremony, whether graduation or promotion, the newly acquired insignia BADGE or RANK would be lightly punched "tagged" by the presenter after attachment to the recipient's uniform, and subsequently "tagged" by all friends and associates during the following graduation or promotion party.

When these fraternal rituals were officially discouraged, the clandestine rites became bizarre and brutal, including directly "pinning" WINGS onto the chest by a forceful punch Also, the destruction or taking of life, as in combat or murder; slaughter or mayhem. The celebratory "tagging" for this "rite of passage" usually involves fist and knee punches to the new NCO's arm and leg, leaving him happily "crippled" by the promotion party! Also, any laboratory test of human blood, as for analysis, diagnosis, or efficaciousness.

Also, inclined toward bloodshed or bloodletting; bloodthirsty or sanguinary. Also, an intensifier used colloquially eg: M pump XM nickname for the M single-shot, single-barreled, break-action grenade launcher, which may also be spelled "bluper", and is also onomatopoeically known as "bloop tube" and "thump gun"; which fired 40mm projectiles of various types, from CANISTER to high explosive HE at ranges to m.

These incidents can also be classified, depending upon participants, as "Blue on Green" or "Green on Blue". Also, the primary operational environment ie: Heinlein , later known as the "Waldo F. Also, the characteristic of being good-naturedly direct, blunt, or frank; heartily outspoken. BLUING guards metal against damage by skin-oils and other acids, but the metal must be clean, and often stripped or exposed before treating or re-finishing.

Applied remotely as with gloves, tongs, or hooks to ensure uncontaminated coverage of cold chemical blue, hot Belgian blue, or baked-on lacquer; treatment lasts indefinitely, until worn away by friction or abrasion.

Also, to weaken or impair the force, keenness, or susceptibility of something; as akin to "blind". Also, slow in perception or understanding; thick or dense, obtuse; not keen or sharp. Sigmund Freud in Civilization and its Discontents contends that replacing the power of the individual with the "blunt force" of the power of the community is "the decisive step of civilization"] BMS: Tieu Doan] Also, an army in battle array.

So you're a lieutenant colonel, you're about 38 years old, and so you have more resources to be able to do things, and you can take this organization and really help to shape it. And the way I ran an organization is, I mean, you have a lot of authority, obviously, but you don't run an organization based on your authority; you actually run it on motivating and inspiring the people that are in it, and getting them to participate willingly, and trying to increase their own personal growth as a result of being a part of your organization.

So I delegated a lot, I shaped a lot, I taught. I was a teacher as well as a leader. And I think the organization was known as being highly trained, highly disciplined. We had a very high level of contentment in it. That battalion command experience was the one I realized that I could use personal leadership, but also some strategic leadership, and begin to move organizations in the right direction, even though they became more complex as the years went by.

Brotherhood Of Army Registrars, being a play on words bore for a fraternal organization of medical administrators serving in the Medical Service Corps MSC who are responsible for documenting the admission, care, and discharge including medical retirement or burial of servicemembers and their dependents and the emergency intake and transfer of civilians injured on or near a military facility Military Schools ] [v: Also, personnel, generally specified as specializing in water transportation and all affiliated chores pertaining to operation and maintenance of deck equipment such as lines, paint, etc.

The Aviation Boatswain's Mates were usually the guys who took care of towing the birds around the ramp area or flight decks and who made sure they were secured to the 'ground' when the weather went to pot. Germany has traditionally trained its officer candidates in an eight week basic course at one of several academies kriegsschule before sending the graduates along to further training for varying periods in their branch specialization] BODE: Smaller sizes were specially manufactured for Asian Allies.

Before the specialty manufacture of BODY BAGs during WWII, the military issued chemically-treated mattress covers to serve this purpose; the impregnated cloth was intended to inhibit the spread of diseases.

AvnSpeak for any unidentified probable enemy air target, or any unidentified potential target; derived as a variation of "bogy" [cf: Army Expert nickname for qualification or proficiency badges, from marksmanship to driver, usually referring to the lowest, basic, or minimum rating, as in "coming up to scratch". Also, the earliest kind of cannon.

The phrase seems to have originated with the German attempt at utter destruction at the battle of Stalingrad, but the Soviets used the rubble for concealment and advancement.

Also, slang for a BUNKER, dugout, or other position fortified against indirect or aerial assault; also called "shellproof" or "shell-proof". Anderson shelter, Morrison shelter; cf: Svalbard "Doomsday" Global Vault in Spitsbergen] [v: Also, a rope, cord, band, or other ligature that binds, fastens, confines, or holds together. Also, a written promise of a surety; any written obligation under seal, such as a surety agreement, wherein money is deposited eg: Also, the state of dutiable goods stored without payment of tariffs or taxes until withdrawn from storage.

Also, adhesion between two substances or objects; a substance that causes particles to adhere, including coordinate bond, covalent bond, electrovalent bond, hydrogen bond, metallic bond, chemical bond. Also, any of various overlap arrangements of bricks, stones, or other masonry having a regular pattern that's intended to increase the strength or enhance the appearance of a construction. Nguoi Giai Phau] [nb: Army in , and in the U. The Patman Bonus bill provided for the full and immediate payment in cash for the adjusted compensation certificates held by WWI veterans, which, under the original provisions of the BONUS ACT, were not due to mature until ; in an unprecedented address before a joint session of Congress, President Roosevelt justified his veto 22 May by arguing that enactment of the measure would spur inflation and increase the national deficit.

Payment of the entire bonus in cash was finally authorized in Probably the most dramatic episodes experienced by club members involve freefalling without a parachute, but others, such as shipwreck or vehicle accident survivors, involve "riding the wreckage", because the odds of survival significantly improve when the bereft victim is not completely naked Also, the steerable hose extending behind and below an aerial TANKER that's used for in-flight refueling at a high transfer rate.

Also, a chain, cable, or the like serving to obstruct navigation. Such ships were operated by two crews in separate rotation, called "blue" and "gold" teams after traditional Navy colors , to keep mission stations constantly covered. Also, a banana-shaped airfoil that will return to its launch point if not disturbed in flight; formerly used as a hunting implement, it's now used recreationally like a Frisbee , or as an inexpensive design platform for aerodynamic innovation.

Gaelic for shoe is 'brog', from which comes the English word "brogue" or brogan; the vent holes or decorative perforations that are often punched in the leather represent the piercings for drainage in the traditional deerhide footwear; Gaelic for 'my footwear' is "mo chasan", which usage by Scottish immigrants may have spawned the American name "moccasin" for the one-piece AmerIndian shoe alternatively: Sometimes used to refer to everywhere in Vietnam, despite the fact that almost all enemy contact occurred in the less inhabited areas, outside the cities, along the border.

Also known as "makework", this Americanism was coined by R. Link, a scoutmaster, as a referent for the product of simple manual skills, or occupational handicrafts, used to monopolize campers on vacation. Kershaw Trooper Kershaw Secret Agent a proportionately small concealable knife of miscellaneous shape, usually being strictly functional, low-profile, lightweight, short hilted, and optionally guarded, which serves for personal defense or stealth attack; ostensibly named for being housed in a gambler's boot since the early 19th century, this inconvenient and hazardous practice is dubious probably a commercial gimmick, not unlike the so-called "neck knife" , since "hidden knives" are more serviceable at forearm-, underarm-, or girth-carry positions.

OSS agents were supplied with "knives of last resort" that were concealed in a coat lapel or shoe heel, but belt buckle push-daggers and other unconventional shivs are too quixotic to be reliable Army cavalry and dragoon units heralding a formation for mounted drill; the call for men and horses to assemble This expression is often misused by journalists when they mean "ground forces" or "troops in place", as opposed to reserve elements or units in transit. Also, to help oneself without the aid of others, as by relying entirely on one's own efforts or by using one's own resources; to "pull oneself up by one's own bootstraps" is to be self-generating or self-sustaining The newer Army University Access Online offers eligible soldiers the opportunity to obtain college degrees or technical certification through internet-based courses while serving on active duty, which students are assisted with tuition, textbooks, laptop computers, printers, internet access, and other resources.

Also known as "Border Rangers". RIFLEd guns are denoted "inch" eg: All subsequent aiming adjustments are compensation for firing trajectory. GEN Douglas "Generalissimo" MacArthur, whose arrogance was too great to indulge the slightest humor except schadenfreude , permitted his intimates damned few!

Mencken , philistine] [nb:

Pallet A small portable platform for holding material for storage or transportation. Traveling from one point to another by an employee who has received orders for such travel from his supervisor.

Closed On:

There are virtually no boomers in North America today.

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