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GSI is responsible for the development, production and testing of substantial components of the FAIR accelerator facility and the experiment setups. Beyond the shareholders, about 3, scientists from about 50 countries take part in the development of the experiments and the scientific program of FAIR.

Web page of the lecture series German only. The 17th issue of our magazine "target" is available. Application until February 15, Summer Student Program Learn more about events at GSI: GSI is member of. GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung The goal of the scientific research conducted at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung is to reach a better understanding of the structure and behavior of the world that surrounds us.

Get to know more about GSI: Talk is in German! Photo calendar "50 years GSI" Information. Staffel also supported the attacks. Of note was 4. Pz 's attack on VVS airfields in the opening days. On 9 May the 15 operational Hs s of 8. Staffel claimed 40 Soviet aircraft destroyed on the ground. The IAP destroyed all of its aircraft save for one I Major General Skripko, a staff officer attached to the VVS Crimean Front, remarked, "After dealing heavy strikes against out airfields, the enemy's aviation started blocking them - preventing our fighters from taking off.

The Hs s left 40 aircraft burning. They also supported the breakthrough of the nd Infantry Division which approached the airfield as the air attack unfolded. The division captured 30 Soviet fighters when an advanced motorised party overran the airfield. The wing was sent north to assist with a powerful Soviet spring offensive around Izyum and Kharkov , which became known as the Second Battle of Kharkov.

First and second group were based at Konstantinovk, and were immediately engaged against Soviet motorised and armoured forces. Second group lost three Hs s on 23 May—a severe blow to the recently established group. The base at Konstantinovka was bombed by 7 GShAP of the 4th Air Army but second group's Hs s were not seriously damaged and reported no loss—their rugged construction helped.

During the month the wing flew 1, sorties; 1, Bf missions, by the Hs s and by the Hs s. The 8th Air Army meanwhile flew 3, attacks against German forces from 1 to 8 July The Germans could not understand how their enemy could mount such an effort given the supposed damage the VVS had taken.

Most German estimates exaggerated losses; for example to relive the pressure Schl. The German-led armies reach Stalingrad on the Volga River.

The wing was involved in the subsequent Battle of Stalingrad. On 27 July, first group scored a success against Illarionovskoye aircraft west of Stalingrad, and destroyed 15 aircraft and damaged The Soviet fighter defences broke through the escorting JG 52 and 7.

Staffel ' s commanding officer Josef Menapace, Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipient, was shot down, but survived. Losses were light at this stage.

Staffel was sent to Jesau to re-equip with Hs s while 7 staffel also operated Bf s, which had been sent in the summer to supplement the Hs contingent. Staffel was diverted to North Africa on 5 November. First group maintained 37 Bf s on 1 September, and after supporting the destruction of the Kalach pocket on 11 August, it moved to Tusov, near Stalingrad until November.

Air operations were continuous against the city but flown at a reduced level into the autumn. The offensive broke through north and south of Axis lines around Stalingrad and encircled the German, Italian, Hungarian and Romanian armies in and around the city.

The offensive caused chaos in Luftwaffe airfields as combat units took off to either fight the breakthrough or retreat in the face of approaching Soviet ground forces. At least one Schl. The aircraft went into action as ground personnel manned the trenches around the town. The last of the Soviet tanks was purportedly destroyed at the edge of the airfield.

On 16 and 17 December , 4. Within three days, Italian lines had collapsed, and II. Second group in particular, flying from the Rossosh area on 6 December , attacked Soviet armoured spearheads attacking the 3rd Romanian and 8th Italian Army.

By 22 December it had pulled back to Voroshilovgrad. During the year, 3, Hs , 1, Hs , 1, Bf sorties were flown. The group claimed aircraft in aerial combat, 91 tanks, 1, vehicles, for the loss of 20 Hs s, 16 Bf s, five Hs s. From the 1 to 16 January , it claimed another 13 tanks.

The 3rd Guards Army approached Morozovsk , forcing 7. Staffel to abandon some Hs s there. First group also fought in the defensive battles in deteriorating weather conditions.

It flost four Bf s from 30 November to 19 December ; half to fighters. In air combat it claimed six Soviet aircraft on 7 December. On 31 December first groups 5. Staffel lost its commanding officer Oberstleutnant Josef Graf von und zu Honsbrock. In the first ten days of February 2. Staffel claimed five enemy aircraft, the group's last until May.

In May it converted to the Focke-Wulf Fw It was positioned in the Izyum sector until July Staffel fought until its withdrawal to Stalino in January It lost two Hs s on 27 and 28 December. On 5 January it lost Eduard Kent, commanding officer. It was re-equipped with the Hs B-2 and then moved to Poltava until April. The unit was not afforded any rest. On 8 and 13 May it lost two Hs s near Krymskaya. The Hs s returned to Germany to be fitted with MK armoured-piercing cannons.

It was sent back to Russia at Varvarovka, in preparation for the summer offensive. Staffel also supported these operations, losing nine Hs s from 5 April to 29 May The surviving crews were withdrawn to Zaporozhye.

Second group also fought in the Kuban. From 6 February to the first week in March, , the group converted to Fs A-5s with the exception of 7. Staffel which retained the Hs Based at Anapa it supported the 17th Army.

Seven Fw s were lost between the 10 and 17 May. The Fw F-3, heavily armoured came into service in June Staffel commanded 17 and 16 Hs s respectively. With support from JG 51 's Panzerjägerstaffel , I.

G 1 dived down up the Soviet armour; the Hs s of the panzer staffel attacked tanks while Fw s dropped SD-2 anti-personnel bombs with devastating effect on infantry.

The last mission was flown as dusk was falling. The battle so badly damaged the 2nd Guards, that the 5th Guards Tank Corps carried out the second phase of the attack alone; and failed.

In exactly the same way, this time without JG 51, the wing attacked the tank and infantry. The infantry hid in nearby forests but purportedly suffered heavy casualties.

German fighters allowed Schl. The wing suffered heavy anti-aircraft fire and most aircraft were at least hit. Soviet prisoners from the unit told German intelligence officers just how effective the attacks had been.

The 2nd Tanks Corps lost 50 tanks to Schl. With the 2nd Guards removed from the line for a second time, the 10th Tank Corps attacked the SS Corps alone and failed.

The 5th Guards Tank Army advanced over 1. The SS Panzer Corps air liaison officers directed the Schlacht aircraft, which played a greater role than the weakened dive-bomber groups, to attack the tanks and infantry with cannon-equipped Hs s and Fw s. A report from the 5th Guards said, "the enemy's aircraft literally hung above our combat formations throughout the entire battle.

The wing supported fruitless attacks in the southern sector until 15 July. On this date, the tank-hunting staffeln, 4 and 8, with I. Operation Kutuzov countered Citadel in the north and threatened to destroyed the 9th Army and the Second Panzer Army through encirclement after cutting the Bryansk -Orel highway and rail line at Khotynets.

The Hs tank-hunting units were miss-used in the ensuing battle. Instead of attacking armour as it broke through the front over open ground, they were often asked to attack vehicles concealed in forests, carry out reconnaissance orientation in areas where Soviet fighter aviation was strong.

The Schlacht aircraft flew sorties, and shared 19 tanks, 70 lorries destroyed. Meyer stated his unit lost eight aircraft in a week. On 17 July, 17 Panzerjäger and 40 Schlacht sorties were flown. On 19 July Schl. The 1st Tank Corps arrived north of Khotynets on the evening of the 18th but were spotted by reconnaissance.

The following morning 4. The Soviet 70th Tank Brigade, however, had severed the rail line. Later in the day, by chance, Bruno Meyer of the tank-busting staffel crash-landed near a marsh in the vicinity.

He noticed a force of approximately 80 Soviet tanks expertly covered in camouflage. Using his aircraft's still workable radio, he transmitted his position. Major Georg Dörffel , commanding first group, picked up the message and led Fw s with kg bombs against the 70th brigade.

FAIR — Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research

The Hs s returned to Germany to be fitted with MK armoured-piercing cannons. Staffel also supported the attacks.

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